Data typing is the process of defining the type of data that a particular variable or value can hold within a programming language or software system. The type of data can determine how the data is stored, processed, and displayed. Data types can include integers, floats, strings, and Boolean values, among others. Ensuring that data is assigned to the appropriate data type can help prevent errors and improve the overall efficiency and accuracy of a program or system. Understanding data typing is essential for software developers and data analysts working with programming languages and data management systems.